Progress in reform

Advice and support for civilian security sector reform lies at the heart of EUAM’s mandate.

The mission’s advisors provide strategic advice, and hands-on support, to Ukrainian law-enforcement and rule of law agencies – with a focus on police reform, fighting corruption, and reform of the prosecution system. Since the beginning of 2016, EUAM has added operational, projects, and training activities to its mandate in order to assist with the implementation of reforms.

There are numerous challenges that hinder reform of the civilian security sector, such as unwillingness and resistance to change, gaps in legislation, insufficient funding, unsatisfactory professional standards, a lack of coordination between agencies, and the prevalence of corruption. 

Despite this, the Ukrainian government has taken some positive steps towards reform, and clearly outlined its reform priorities in areas such as anti-corruption, the police, and the judicial system. Low levels of public trust in the political, law-enforcement and judicial systems is evidence that much more needs to be done before the expectations of the Ukrainian public are met.
EUAM’s achievements are really the achievements of EUAM’s Ukrainian partners. Therefore, progress that our Ukrainian partners have achieved with EUAM support includes the following:

  • Legislative support: Development of the Law on the National Police (in 2015) and amendments to the Law (2016) as well as support a number of other laws, including legislative frameworks for peaceful assembly and fighting financial and cybercrime
  • Launch of quick-response teams and ‘Sambir police model’ in 2015, aimed at increasing public trust and responsiveness of police force by decreasing police response time to citizens’ requests; rollout of the project in 123 police stations in 5 regions (Lviv, Kharkiv, Kyiv, Khmelnytskyi and Volyn) in 2016
  • Advice on the introduction of the community policing approach in National Police (NPU) work, including a major training exercise for 380 NPU officers and 260 managers from all regions of Ukraine from July 2016 to July 2017- Advice and training on the concept of dialogue policing
  • The restructuring of NPU criminal investigations departments by merging investigators and operatives, in line with best European practices
  • Advice on strengthening NPU capacity to fight serious and organised crime in Ukraine by developing and introducing a Serious and Organised Crime Threat Assessment (SOCTA) programme in Ukraine- Support in strengthening NPU human resource management including leadership skills training and observation of the re-attestation process of NPU police officers  – Support in the development of the National Strategy on Road Traffic Safety 2017-2020, which was approved in June 2017  – Strengthening the capacity of the newly established NPU Human Rights Directorate
  • Strategic communications support for the NPU, including the upgrade of its website and implementation of a public outreach project to raise awareness of road traffic safety
  • Facilitation of cooperation between NPU and PPO, including the delivery of awareness training for the mixed groups of investigators and prosecutors on investigative techniques and best practices of police-prosecution cooperation
  • Recommendations to the PPO on changes to the Criminal Procedure Code
  • Advice on the Unified Register of Pre-Trial Investigation, which should lead to the creation of an e-case management system, aimed at improving the document workflow on pre-trial investigations and ensuring compliance with data protection rules by its 23,000 users across five law-enforcement agencies
  • Delivery of training programmes at the National Academy of Prosecutors – Delivery of training programmes at the National Academy of Prosecutors
  • Development and approval of the Ministry of Internal Affairs’ (MoIA) Strategy 2020, approved by the Minister of Internal Affairs in June 2017
  • Support to the newly established MoIA administrative service centres, such as assistance in drafting their strategy and action plan, and delivery of trainings on management skills, communication and anti-corruption
  • Advice on the establishment of MoIA Human Rights Monitoring Directorate, which is now operational
  • Assistance in drafting the Law on National Security of Ukraine, which is aimed at establishing clear delineation of responsibilities among all security sector agencies
  • Support in developing a reform concept for the State Security Service (SSU), which foresees the transformation of the SSU from a law-enforcement body into an intelligence-gathering agency. As of October 2017 this has yet to be approved by the President of Ukraine
  • Publication of the first-ever SSU public annual report in March 2017
  • The incorporation of a human-rights component into SSU training curricula
  • Support in developing a proper court security model in Ukraine; including the development of the Concept on Court Security
  • Support for the ongoing competition for the new Supreme Court via monitoring the selection process of Supreme Court judges
  • Advice for the newly established Penitentiary Service Department in the Ministry of Justice, created to replace the State Penitentiary Service
  • Observation of the selection of the candidates on the managerial positions in the Penitentiary Service Department
  • Establishment of the Border Management Assistance Group (BMAG) platform for the border guard and donor community in Ukraine
  • Delivery of human-resource management training for State Border Guard and State Fiscal Service HR managers from all across Ukraine – Delivery of human-resource management training for State Border Guard and State Fiscal Service HR managers from all across Ukraine
  • Support for Ukraine’s new anti-corruption agencies – the National Anti-Corruption Bureau of Ukraine (NABU), Specialised Anti-Corruption Prosecutors’ Office (SAPO), National Agency on the Prevention of Corruption (NAPC), and Asset Recovery and Management Agency (ARMA); namely, in establishing an international network and in facilitation of international legal cooperation with respective agencies from all over the world
  • The refurbishment of interview rooms in NABU
  • The development of an organisational structure for ARMA
  • Implementation of a nationwide anti-corruption campaign for NABU in 2016, and strat comms training for NABU and SAPO leadership
  • Observing the selection process for the management and ordinary positions in SAPO, NAPC, and ARMA, to ensure that the process was transparent and in line with EU standards