Progress in reform
Advice and support for civilian security sector reform lies at the heart of EUAM’s mandate.
The mission’s advisors provide strategic advice, and hands-on support, to Ukrainian law-enforcement and rule of law agencies – with a focus on police reform, fighting corruption, and reform of the prosecution system. Since the beginning of 2016, EUAM has added operational, projects, and training activities to its mandate in order to assist with the implementation of reforms.
There are numerous challenges that hinder reform of the civilian security sector, such as unwillingness and resistance to change, gaps in legislation, insufficient funding, unsatisfactory professional standards, a lack of coordination between agencies, and the prevalence of corruption.
Despite this, the Ukrainian government has taken some positive steps towards reform, and clearly outlined its reform priorities in areas such as anti-corruption, the police, and the judicial system. Low levels of public trust in the political, law-enforcement and judicial systems is evidence that much more needs to be done before the expectations of the Ukrainian public are met.
EUAM’s achievements are really the achievements of EUAM’s Ukrainian partners. Therefore, progress that our Ukrainian partners have achieved with EUAM support includes the following:
- Legislative support – over 40 draft laws developed with EUAM assistance
- EUAM helped draft 25 strategic documents, such as:
- Law on National Security
- MoIA Strategy 2020
- National Police Development Strategy to 2020
- Witness protection programme
- SSU Reform Concept and Action Plan
- Introduction of the community policing approach, and implementation of nationwide training programme, in National Police (NPU) work
- Introduction of the dialogue policing concept in public order
- Successful management of mass events, such as those in Odesa in early 2018, based on the ‘graduated approach’ to public order, with EUAM experts working alongside UA partners
- Introduction of a ‘Community Safety Strategy’ in Kharkiv, a EUAM initiative and a first for Ukraine
- The restructuring of NPU criminal investigations departments by merging investigators and operatives, in line with best European practices
- Launch of quick-response teams and ‘Sambir police model’ in 2015, aimed at increasing public trust and responsiveness of police force by decreasing police response time to citizens’ requests; rollout of the project in 123 police stations in 5 regions (Lviv, Kharkiv, Kyiv, Khmelnytskyi and Volyn) in 2016
- Advice on strengthening NPU capacity to fight serious and organised crime in Ukraine by developing and introducing a Serious and Organised Crime Threat Assessment (SOCTA) programme in Ukraine
- Support for the newly established MoIA administrative service centres, such as assistance in drafting their strategy and action plan, and delivery of trainings on management skills, communication and anti-corruption
- The delivery of equipment to partners worth EUR 1.6 million, the refurbishment of interview rooms for NABU and reception halls for the prosecution service